Document Type : Original Article
1 Educational psychology Department, Azad University, North Khorasan science and research branch, Bojnourd, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Sciences and Researches Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
Introduction: Addiction is a physical and mental disease, causes various societal problems, including decline in public Health, mortality, social and domestic traumas, loss of educational and occupational opportunities in all aspects of life. This study aimed at comparing relapse of addiction in the personality characteristics of addicted individuals. The present study aims to examine the relationship between personality sketches with addiction relapse in addicted people.
Materials and method: The research sample included addicted and former addicted person with addiction and no addiction relapse who referring to Raha Kish clinical center, Iran. Participants were selected using random sampling. The instrument was the Minnesota Multiphase Personality Inventory (MMPI). The hypotheses were tested using multiple analyses of variance, step by step differential analysis and between subjects effect test.
Results: Results showed that there is a meaningful difference between addicted person who relapse and those who do not relapse. Also all clinical scale could predict personality sketch but 3 in those addicted who do not have relapse.
Conclusion: Addicted person who do not have relapse outperform in personality sketch in compare with those addicted who have relapse because of lower personality trait.
Ahghar, G. (2014). Effects of Teaching Problem Solving Skills on Students' Social Anxiety. International Journal of Education and Applied Sciences, 1(2), 108-112.
American Society for Addiction Medicine (2012). Definition of Addiction. Retrieved from http://www.asam.org/for-the-public/definition-of-addiction
Angers, D. H., Bettinardi, Angres, K. (2008). The disease of addiction: origins, treatment, and recovery. Disease-a-Month, 54(10), 696–721.
Costa, P. T., Jr., & McCrae, R. R. (1978). Objective personality assessment. In M. Storandt, I. C. Siegler, & M. F. Elias (Eds.), the clinical psychology of aging (pp. 119-143). New York: Plenum.
Kadden, R. M. (2002). Cognitive-Behavior Therapy for Substance Dependence: Coping Skills Training, 2002. Retrieved from http://www.bhrm.org/guidelines/CBTKadden.pdf.
Keramati, M, R. (2014). A comparison of health-related quality of life and job satisfaction in physically active and sedentary faculty members. International Journal of Education and Applied Sciences, 1(2), 68-77.
Kidner, C. L., Gatchel, R. J., & Mayer, T. G. (2010). MMPI disability profile is associated with degree of opioid use in chronic work-related musculoskeletal disorders. The Clinical journal of pain, 26(1), 9-15.
Kopsteina, A. N., Crumb, R. M., Celentano, D. D., & Martine, S. S. (2001). Sensation seeking needs among 8th and 11th graders: characteristics associated with cigarette and marijuana use. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 62(3), 195–203.
Kornør, H., & Nordvik, H. (2007). Five-factor model personality traits in opioid dependence. BMC Psychiatry, 37, 1-6.
Krueger, D. (1981). Stressful life events and the return to heroin use. Journal of Human Stress, 7(2), 3-8.
Kwapil, T. R., Miller, M. B., Zinser, M. C., Chapman, L. J., Chapman, J., & Eckblad, M. (2000). A longitudinal study of high scorers on the Hypomanic Personality Scale. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 109(2), 222-226.
Mahdian, H., Tanhaye Reshvanloo, F., Zahmatkesh, Z., & Javidi, D. (2014). General health, psychological and social wellbeing: The role of personal and occupational factors. International Journal of Education and Applied Sciences, 1(1), 61-67
Nielsen, P., Rojskjaer, S., & Hesse, M. (2007). Personality-guided treatment for alcohol dependence: a quasi-randomized experiment. The American Journal on Addictions, 16, 357-364
Peterson, C., Bettes, B. A., & Seligman, M. E. (1985). Depressive symptoms and unprompted causal attributions: content analysis. Behavior Research and Therapy, 23, 379,382.
Polimeni, A. M., Moore, S. M., & Gruenert, S. (2010). MMPI-2 profiles of clients with substance dependencies accessing a therapeutic community treatment facility. E-Journal of Applied Psychology, 6(1), 1-9.
Rajaeepour, S., & Mohammadi, M. (2014). Emotional Intelligence and Personality traits as predictors of Academic Performance. International journal of education and applied Sciences, 1(1), 1-13
Sher, K. J., Bartholow, B. D., Wood, M. D. (2000). Personality and substance use disorders: a prospective study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68(5), 818-29.
Stefansson, R., & Hesse, M. (2008). Personality disorders in substance abusers: A comparison of patients treated in a prison unit and patients treated in inpatient treatment. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 6(3), 402- 406.
Swendsen, J. D., Conway, K. P., Rounsaville, B. J., & Merikangas, K. R. (2002). Are personality traits familial risk factors for substance use disorders? Results of a controlled family study. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 159(10), 1760-1766.
Van den Over, M. C., Spijker, S., Smit, A. B., De Vries, T. J. (2010). Prefrontal cortex plasticity mechanisms in drug seeking and relapse. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 335(2), 276-284.
Verheul, R. (2001). Co-morbidity of personality disorders in individuals with substance use disorders. European Psychiatry, 16(5), 274-82.
Walton, K. E., & Roberts, B. W. (2004). On the relationship between substance use and personality traits: Abstainers are not maladjusted. Journal of Research in Personality, 38(6), 515-35.
Wulsin, L. (2001). A review of the evidence for a dose response relationship between depression and coronary disease. In: Program and abstracts of the American Psychosomatic Society 59th Annual Scientific Meeting; Monterey, Calif; March 7-10, 2001. Abstract 1201.
Wulsin, L. R., Valliant, G. E., & Wells, V. E. (1999). A systematic review of the mortality of depression. Psychosomatic Medicine, 61, 6-17.