Document Type : Original Article


Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Tonekabon Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon, Iran.



This study presents the knowledge-sharing model based on individual and organizational factors related to faculty members. To achieve this goal, individual and organizational factors were presented through qualitative research in the form of open codes, axial, and selective observations; then, the final model was obtained using a structural equation model. Participants included 1,719 faculty members of the university in Iran. The samples related to the qualitative survey included 25 faculty members and the samples for the quantitative survey included 326 faculty members selected by multistage cluster sampling. A 72-item questionnaire was used to measure the quantitative variables. The results showed that the status of knowledge sharing is moderate in universities. Individual factors influencing knowledge sharing included the sharing of educational materials, perception, confidence and knowledge self-efficiency, and organizational factors influencing knowledge sharing included structural social capital, cognitive social capital, social capital relations, organizational communication, organizational structure, organizational culture, IT infrastructure and systems of rewards. Finally, it was found that the contribution of individual factors on knowledge sharing was more than organizational factors; therefore, a model was presented in which the contribution of individual and organizational factors was determined.


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